18. Famous Rauma lace

Making bobbin lace is an old tradition in Rauma. Lace has been made in the city at least since the middle of the 18th century. The Lace-maker monument is located at the Helsingintori Square in Naulamäki. Many skilled lace-makers have once lived in the area. It is said that the market square’s name originates from when King Gustav I founded Helsinki and dictated that Rauma’s burghers should move to inhabit the new city. Burghers are said to have gathered in this square before their move.

Making lace was a common source of livelihood for unwealthy women. Men also made lace to get money, if they had no other source of income. Originally, seamen brought lace models to Rauma. Since then, lace-making skills have been passed orally from one generation to the other, and taught with models. Usually, there were no written instructions available. Lace patterns and models have varied depending on what kind of yarns have been available at different times. Rauma is the only town in Finland where lace has been made professionally. Lace-making always remained a handcraft industry and never developed into an industrialised process, unlike in Central European lace-making towns in Belgium and France.

The golden era of lace-making in Rauma took place from 1700s to 1840s, when lace bonnets were in style.  Lace bonnets were worn by married women. The bonnet had a hard crown which was edged with lace. The bonnet was used in church events and festive occasions.

The __________________-maker monument is found in Naulamäki.

Write the correct word in the poem (2) as well.

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