10. Beliefs and teachings

You can walk towards the most visible part of history in Rauma. The Church of the Holy Cross in Rauma was built as a church for the Franciscan monastery at the end of the 15th century. As a result of the Reformation, the Franciscan friars were banished from Rauma in 1538. After the Church of the Holy Trinity burned down in 1640, the Church of the Holy Cross became the church of the Lutheran parish, and later, the monastery area became a royal estate.

The brothers preached the people in their own language, taught children and took care of the ill. They had to earn their living by begging. Supposedly when the monastery was established, there were ten moncks, and their folksy sermons were very popular.

After the monastery was abolished, a trivial school was established in the same location. After a great fire in Pori, the Pori Trivial school operated in Rauma in 1698-1722. The school subjects included Latin, Greek, religion, history and logics. The teaching language was Swedish, and learning meant mostly memorising. School day started at 5 in the morning and lasted until 5 in the afternoon.

Nowadays, the trivial school building is occupied by Rauma’s Adult Education Centre. Imagine yourself in the classroom at 5am, learning Latin words by heart. You better not snooze, or the teacher hits you with a stick. You can count the jackdaws sitting on the church’s shingle roof, across the river. Jackdaws are a social and loud birds. Their existence reminds us that we are living in an old cultural landscape.

A black bird with pale blue eyes, ‘kirkhakkine’ in Rauma dialect?

Write the bird’s name in the poem (3).

joki kirkkosilta
Kirkkosilta brigde was built in 1880´s. River banks were straightened and walled in 1906 with private funding, which was collected from the residents and users of the newly digged canal in the downstream.